These fluffy dogs and plush horses are not afraid of harsh winters. Meet polar animals that feel good even when the temperature drops to -60ºC.
1. Polar bear
Unlike brown bears, polar breeds hardly go into hibernation (except for pregnant females) because they have no problem hunting and finding food in winter. A polar bear can swim up to 80 km in icy water without resting. They stay warm during Arctic frosts thanks to the structure of their fur, which works as a kind of thermos. In summer, the polar bear’s white fur helps it absorb more sunlight.
The huge saber-toothed walruses, which live in the remote regions of Chukotka and Kamchatka, enjoy lying on ice sheets in the middle of the cold ocean. They are so comfortable that they almost look like tourists on a sunny beach. It is called walrus who likes to swim in icy water. These animals have up to 10 cm of subcutaneous fat, which keeps them so warm that they can even sleep in the water. They need their saber teeth to move around and protect themselves from other predators, such as polar bears and whales.
3. Ringed seal
It’s hard to believe, but this cute seal is actually one of the toughest creatures in the world. This species lives in the Arctic Ocean, but its relatives also choose to live in warmer places like the Baltic Sea and Lake Ladoga. The ringed seal spends most of its life in icy waters (it can hold its breath for more than 10 minutes), occasionally climbing to rest on an ice floe. They do not freeze thanks to their 15 cm of subcutaneous fat.
4. Yakutian horse
This unique breed of horse only lives in Yakutia and can stay (and sleep) outdoors even in the most extreme winters thanks to its thick undercoat. Scientists believe that this breed is a direct descendant of ancient primitive horses that came from Asia and later adapted to the harsher environment and changed their appearance in the process. It measures between 140 and 145 cm and weighs about half a ton. He has a friendly, calm, and curious temperament.
5. Yakutian cattle
The Yakutian cow is small (only 120 cm tall) and very hairy. The breed has adapted to the winters of this cold region and even enjoys the snow. Last year, a rancher from Oymyakon (one of the coldest places on the planet, where minus 50 degrees is the norm in winter), demonstrated a self-made bra for cows designed to save milk. . They go outside every day and only return to the barn to sleep.
6. Samoyed Laika
This breed of dog has been the best friend of the indigenous people of the Far North for thousands of years. The Samoyeds relied on them to watch over their children, and they also like to sleep on them thanks to their soft fur. Very active, friendly, and resistant to cold winters; in fact, they don’t like heat at all. In summer, Samoyeds like to dig small holes and relax in the cool earth. Of course, this hobby tends to irritate its owners, especially if they live in apartments in a city.
7. Common Eider
One of the warmest things in the world is the duvet made with the fluff of this Nordic duck that lives in areas of the Arctic coast and the tundra. The eider makes their nests with stones and heats them with their own fluff, which they pluck themselves. This fluff is what allows young ducks to survive in the cold, and people often come to collect it when they leave their nest.
8. Siberian cats
For many domestic cats, snow is by no means a tragedy, although they do not like to be outside for long in winter. However, Siberian cats are more tolerant of cold climates and can stay outside in temperatures of -10ºC or -15ºC. Just take a look at their lush fur to understand how they do it. Still, just because they can handle being out on the cold streets doesn’t mean they prefer that to their warm and welcoming home.